Wood gives your space an identity and using it to clad your staircase adds further aesthetic and tasteful touches to your design. Make sure, though, not to combine too many different materials or colors. A consistent, harmonious appearance are the key feature of exclusive designer wood stairs.
In addition to the visual advantages, mafi wooden stairs impress with their durability and precision. How high should a staircase rise and at what room height? Which stair designs need the least space? You'll definitely want to take into consideration the different types of stairs and stair profiles, as they will play an important role in the execution of the project. Come be inspired with different stair designs executed with mafi natural wood floors.
Families and companies are increasingly choosing to spread out their space over two or more stories. One reason for this push to make use of vertical space is the world's shortage of available land. Also attractive are the stylish, complete looks that offer a multitude of customization options where a beautiful wood staircase can be quite the statement piece.
Modern stairs are more than just a connection between two floors. The ease with which wood can be combined with other materials leads to high-end design concepts. But what types of stair systems are there and what are the benefits of each?
Cantilevered stairs seem to defy gravity to convey a sense of lightness in the room and make it look particularly spacious. For a playful staircase or nested rooms, a space-saving staircase is ideal, but a small space doesn't mean stylish innovation is out of the question. Spiral staircases made of wood are particularly elegant. These combine utility and aesthetics in everything from classic styles to extravagant designs. The timeless classic, of course, is a stair with stringers, where each stringer element on the side links the load-bearing steps.
In order to give your chosen room design the opportunity to develop to its full effect, only use a few different textures and colors. A wood staircase combined with woods floors make for a special statement. Using the same material for both stairs and floor ensures perfect room design and is one of those details that can make a project something very special indeed.
mafi natural wood floors are experts in producing coordinated wooden floors and stairs. Each staircase is made to measure and can be adapted as required. Stylish details, such as shadow gaps or coordinated edges on the sides, complete the precise, detailed processing that goes into each of our staircases.
To guarantee that your staircase is a high-quality highlight whatever your space, mafi offers five different options for cladding every staircase with wood.
Which staircase fits which living concept?
First, you need to decide whether you want just treads for a more open look or treads and risers.
The tread is the horizontal part of the step on which you place your weight as you climb the stairs. One can vary the shape and material of the tread for a perfect match to your space. (Figs. A & B) The characteristically open steps visually enlarge the space and even look like a ladder climbing to the heights. Use a contrasting wall finish to put the focus on the wood of the steps. Open-tread steps leave the light and sight lines in your design almost unaffected. Concrete stairs are clad with simple treads to create a special ambiance. The plastered walls may be more sensitive to dirt if the stairs are frequently climbed while wearing shoes. Alternatively, a staircase can be clad with a combination of treads and risers.
The tread and riser combination (Figs. D, E, F) offers different variants to make the stairs a natural part of your space. The riser is the vertical element of a step, closing the gap between the two treads. A complete covering of the staircase in the same wood can makes the space appear harmonious and coherent. Create a space perfect for everyday living with woods as a continuous, uniform design element. An additional individual shadow gap ensures that the tread is emphasized and lifted off the riser. On request, all step variants can be closed along all edges.
The choice of height or tread thickness depends on the requirements on-site and the type of construction project. Usually, a tread is 40 mm. This is mostly used for new buildings or when building new stairwells. Alternatively, mafi can offer 16 mm or 19 mm tread for use renovations or modernizations. The treads can even be laid atop existing stairs.
A tread with a thickness of 40 mm and an initial dimension of 1200 x 300 mm is suitable for all projects that allow for such a solid structure. In this case, individuality is made possible by special made-to-measure products such as the closure of visible sides or milling to allow metal balusters to be added. As a rule, this stair profile is ideal for new buildings.
In order for our steps to be installed in tighter spaces, mafi offers variations with 16 or 19 mm thickness. The thickness is chosen analogous to the floor and is particularly useful for renovations. This means that existing staircases can be re-laid or the wood can even be installed atop an existing stair tread without adding too much height. This stair profile has a very refined look.
This profile consists of a tread and riser to completely cover the stairs. It is delivered disassembled and must be fitted on site. This variant is suitable for all stairs that allow such a solid structure. This variant looks very high-end and unfolds its full potential especially in combination with matching wood floors. The standard tread measures 1200 x 300 mm, while the riser is 180 mm high. These dimensions can be changed on request.
A shadow gap to separate the tread and riser visually is optional; this would further highlight the tread.
This variant of the mafi stair profiles offers a solution where existing conditions require low installation heights; these stairs will nevertheless have a massive effect. The thickness is either 16 or 19 mm. The miter-glued riser creates an optical illusion and, when viewed from above, suggests a significantly higher installation height than is actually available. The initial dimensions of 1200 x 300 x 16/19 mm are perfect for renovations of existing spaces where new staircases are also being added.
Profile F is particularly suitable for renovations where an existing staircase is to be recovered or for new buildings where only low installation heights are possible. The connection between the tread and riser is mitred and then glued. The corresponding starting dimensions in this case are 1200 x 300 mm (tread) or 180 (riser) x 16/19 mm.
mafi stair noses are a simple and slim solution for cladding stairs. Especially in the area of existing buildings and renovations, existing stairs can also be used with mafi planks and our stair noses for a high-quality look.
The G profile is used for the installation of a tread and riser variant, whereas the H profile suggests a solid tread appearance.
The stair noses are supplied to match the respective mafi natural wood floors and are produced together. The structure is also symmetrical and thereby ensures optimal stability.
The stair noses are only available in packs of two pieces. The length per stair edge is 2400 mm with a width of 32 cm. The thickness is either 16 or 19 mm and must be matched to the floor thickness.
Design stairs create an optical exclamation mark and can be the crowning touch in any room design. But what should you pay attention to especially? In general, there are stair norms that are based on human anatomy to ensure comfortable climbing of stairs, even as we age.
The gradient ratio of stairs can be calculated using three different formulas. However, the most important type of calculation is the incremental measure. In 1863, French mathematician, engineer and architect François Blondel developed the formula that remains in use to this day.
It calculates 18 cm for the slope of a staircase and 27 for the step height. An incline of 30% of the stairs is perceived as pleasant and ensures a comfortable stair climb.
The average room height is at least 2.40 m. A staircase at this height requires 14 individual steps to get to the next floor. In the case of an odd number, architects or contractors will round up or down. In the case of significant deviations, stairs can be shorter. If you increase the incline of the stairs, then there is a greater risk of falling, which is caused by the increased slope. Stair landings are also considered an elegant solution to overcome room heights and allow for 90° or 180° turns.
Classic old buildings are generally much higher and have a ceiling height of at least 3.30 m. 18 steps would be needed to reach the next floor. The special charm that old apartments exude must also be reflected in the design of the stairs. It is possible to re-lay existing stairs, but if they are extremely worn, we advise you to replace them. Recladding stairs with new wood can give the staircase a new shine and lend a special atmosphere, especially in older buildings. Spiral stairs provide a special homey feel for some and adapt ideally to the conditions of older floor plans. They are also space-saving and leave more space available for living.
Stair landings loosen up linear room concepts by interrupting the stairs and change the direction of travel. This loosening of the staircase is possible in different versions and ensures options for combining with the room design. Depending on the size, a landing can also create additional space that is separate itself from the rest of the area.
Deliberately designing the space under the stairs can create a special feel-good factor. The decision is mostly made to use it as storage space or as additional living space in the form of reading corners or relaxation areas.
Ideas to use space under stairs: It's not just the practical aspect that speaks for the use of storage space. Depending on the architecture or decor, the space can be expanded to hold equipment or as a storage space. Open shelf concepts or small libraries are welcome. A full installation with cupboard doors or drawers is another option.
Using the space under the stairs as living space is becoming increasingly popular. Comfortable reading nooks or space for the four-legged residents of the home as well as pieces of furniture under the stairs provide an exceptional design touch that makes ideal use of the entire space. These room-in-room variants contribute enormously to the comfort in everyday life.
Angled rooms complicate the construction of massive wooden stairs. Because of the limited space, an alternative is required. Space-saving stairs in a wide variety of designs are an elegant solution for maintaining your personal style while making the best use of the space, even with difficult floor plans.
The spiral staircase is described as a space-saving wonder; it also lends the room a dynamic and stylistic character.
A staircase with a landing provides an additional space advantage, which, due to structural reasons, enables a change of direction between the staircases and, depending on the size, even offers additional living space.
A change in the incline can also be a space-saving solution. This shortens the length of the stairs and increases the incline in order to create fewer stairs but more space.
Depending on the requirements and customer requirements, mafi offers individual and tailor-made solutions, with the floor coverings to match.